Sexually transmitted diseases are defined as those infections or diseases that are transferred from one individual to another through sexual relations. However, some of these diseases can also be contracted through childbirth and breastfeeding. STDs are quite common in the world today and it is possible for an individual to have one of these diseases without ever realizing it. This is because some of the infections or diseases do not have any symptoms.
Common types of STDs
HIV/AIDS – this is one of the deadliest of the sexually transmitted diseases. It is passed from one individual to another when they engage in unprotected sex. The diseases may have different symptoms according to the stage of development. Unless tested and care started as soon as possible an individual may continue living with the disease without noticing any symptoms until a later stage. Abstinence from sex and the use of condoms during sexual intercourse is key to preventing this disease. Individuals that have already contracted the disease are advised to seek counseling to learn how to live positively and prevent farther activity that may cause faster deterioration of health.
Gonorrhea – this is another commonly reported sexually transmitted disease among individuals between the age of 15 and 29. Unless it is detected in the early stages and treated properly it has the potential of causing infertility in both men and women. Not everyone with the disease will observe symptoms but those who do may have an unusual discharge from the penis or vagina. Men may notice a swelling in their testicles while women may experience bleeding even after their normal menstruation. To avoid getting this disease individuals must remain monogamous in their sexual relations. The use of protection during sexual intercourse and abstinence are also effective ways to use.
Syphilis – this disease is usually contracted when individuals with exposed sores come into contact with their partners during sexual activity. During the early stages of infection, individuals may notice a small, painless, firm sore in or around the vagina, penis or anus. This is often followed by a rash on the soles of the feet or palm of the hand. Other symptoms that may be experienced include fever, sore throat, headaches, muscle aches, fatigue and weight loss. Unless treated during the early stages this disease can cause serious complications including brain and nervous system damage.
Herpes – people that have this STD hardly ever notice it because it does not have obvious symptoms. In a few cases, individuals may experience symptoms such as the development of blisters around the genitals or anus. This disease does not have a cure but it can be controlled using certain medications. Taking the prescribed medication can shorten sore outbreaks and decrease the chances of passing it to other people. As with every other sexually transmitted disease, the best way to stay safe is to abstain from sex or use protection.
Chlamydia – this is regarded as the leading cause of preventable infertility in the United States of America. Unless treated on time this disease has the potential of causing pelvic inflammatory disease and increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Most of the people with this disease do not have any obvious signs. However, the few that do may notice an unusual discharge from their genitals. They may also experience pain when passing urine. This disease can be treated through the use of certain antibiotics.
Tips to keep in mind
To avoid any sexually transmitted diseases you must learn to remain faithful to one sexual partner at all times. You should use condoms when having sex with someone new because it gives a certain level of protection. Abstinence is an ideal way to prevent the spread of these diseases.
In case you suspect that you have contracted any of these diseases do not try and second guess yourself. The best thing to do is rush to any health facility and consult an expert. You will then be taken through a medical history exam before samples of your blood are taken for lab testing. This is the only way to ascertain that you have any of the STD’s. Follow all the instructions that you are given during treatment to avoid complications.